The human body needs to act due to its structure and if it is not moved enough, it negatively affects the body. Muscles and joints remain healthy and strong as they move. Not moving enough causes muscles to lose strength over time and become less healthy than it should be. This situation directly affects the skeletal system in the human body. Living a sedentary life also causes the bones to lose flexibility and create a more fragile structure. While skeletal muscle systems of those who exercise regularly are healthier, the same situation is not the case for inactive people. People who have never exercised, bone pain occurs when they want to do sports, even for a very short time. This is a fairly common situation. Shin bone pain is also among the most common problems that people who live a sedentary life encounter after sports.
What is Shin Bone Pain?
The tibia is a large bone in the legs between the knee and ankle, known for being large and durable. The scientific name of the shin bone is called “Tibia“. Pain in the shin bone is defined as shin bone pain. A different name for shin bone pain is Shin Splint. One of the most well-known reasons for the occurrence of this pain is that the shin bones are exposed to intense activity. In individuals who lead a sedentary life, moderate intensity activities, and even short walking and jogging to catch a bus or taxi may cause pain. However, in people who do sports, it occurs after too many training sessions or too fast paced competitions. Sudden stops and movements are common causes during sports. Jumps in sports such as football, basketball and athletics are also quite high. All these movements create an excessive load on the shin bone and cause damage to the bone. The bones need a certain time and necessary rest before they can be repaired. When it is not rested enough, the shin bone cannot repair itself and this situation causes intense pain in the shin bone. In some cases, pain intensifies during activity. In such cases, the activity may need to be terminated immediately. Because continuing the activity can cause permanent damage, as well as extremely sensitive bone. This can lead to bone fracture in impacts and sudden movements.
What are the causes of shin bone pain?
Tibia pain occurs due to excessive pressure on the muscles and bones in the lower leg. The flexibility and strength of the muscles and bones in the leg vary from person to person. In individuals who lead a less mobile life, very short exercises can cause shin bone pain, while people who are more mobile or more involved in sports may experience shin bone pain after very intense exercises. People with little activity in their daily lives may complain of shin bone pain in short runs, long walks or after climbing stairs. Suddenly increasing exercise time, frequency or intensity can also cause shin bone pain. Walking or jogging on slopes and hard surfaces also causes these pains. Many of the military personnel who receive intensive training may experience pain after training. People with flat-floor disease often experience tibia pain.
What are the symptoms of shin bone pain?
Muscle and bone tissue in the leg, shin bone pain arises due to exposure to very intense and repetitive activity. This causes tibia pain. Symptoms of tibia pain are common in most people. However, there is no case that all symptoms will be seen at the same time.
- Numbness and weakness in the feet are among the most common symptoms of tibia pain.
- Pain in the front part of the lower leg, that is, in the front of the shin bone.
- Sudden pains that occur during activity for inactive individuals and after exercise in those who do intense sports.
- Pain that occurs on the right and left side of the shin bone, that is, on the right and left side of the legs.
- Pain in the leg muscles.
- Sensitivity or pain along the inside of the lower leg.
- Slight swelling in the lower leg.
- These symptoms are common to most individuals and their treatment processes are the same. Often, as a result of a proper rest, the pain decreases and disappears. However, if there is a severe pain in the shin bone, large swelling in the lower leg and a feeling of warmth around these swellings after a fall or an accident, it is necessary to be examined as soon as possible. Because there may be a crack or fracture that causes these pains and requires urgent intervention.
What are the treatment methods for tibia pain?
Treatment of shin bone pain involves some methods that people can do themselves. Some methods to be applied personally often help relieve pain. Avoiding pain, swelling, or discomfort for some time, getting enough rest helps reduce pain. During rest, it is recommended to keep the legs high. Also, gently massaging the aching area during rest increases relaxation. In addition, it will be useful to continue to lighter exercises such as swimming and cycling. Applying an ice compress to the painful area, 4 to 8 times a day, at intervals of 15-20 minutes, is good for pain. However, it is more useful to use a thin towel or cloth so that the ice does not directly contact the skin. If the pain does not decrease in this way, painkillers containing ibuprofen or naproxen sodium can be taken. Pain relievers help relieve pain and pass it completely. After these applications, exercises that follow the complete disappearance of pain should be done less. Continuation of the old tempo causes pain to reappear. Surgical method is very preferred in the treatment of shin bone pain. However, continuing pain for months may require surgery. The doctor will decide if the surgery is necessary. The name of this applied surgical intervention is fasciotomy and it is applied for the relief of pain.
If you have shin bone pain after any exercise or sudden movement in your daily life, you can also apply personal treatments. If your complaints continue, you should be examined as soon as possible. Thus, you can live a healthier and painless life.