What is a Phobia?
Emotional reactions to external dangers are called fear. Our phobias are a variety of fears we feel. The fear of a situation negatively affecting the daily life of a person is called a phobia. Phobias are anxiety disorders that are common in humans. People with phobia can also be called phobic.
Every living creature instinctively avoids situations that they perceive to be dangerous and threaten their existence and life. Here, human consciousness perceives this avoidance as fear. Fear is a pre-warning mechanism in a way. The inability of a person to avoid situations that they perceive as dangerous or threatening their life or to be emotionally relaxed means that fear is out of control. As a result of the person not being able to relax, fear and anxiety gradually increase and anxiety can be seen. This anxiety negatively affects the daily life of the person and is a mechanism that works outside of himself. When this happens, the fear that we define as our self-protection mechanism and the person’s pre-warning mechanism turns into phobia. The person’s fears or phobias may not always depend on an entity or situation.
Phobias are perceived in society as a personality trait or habit, not as a disease. For this reason, the number of people applying to health institutions for treatment is very low. Phobias are more common in women than in men.
Anxiety is generally seen when the person encounters an event, presence or situation in which he / she experiences fear. Most of the information contained in panic can also be seen in a phobia state. Advanced phobic ability, heart arrest, even death can be seen.
- Palpitations, facial flushing, itching and burning sensation on the face,
- Cold sweats
- Blurred vision
- Shortness of breath,
- Dry mouth
- Difficulty swallowing,
- Loss of consciousness,
- Sudden blood pressure drop,
- Shock etc. symptoms may be seen.
Treatment of Phobias
Although the aim of treatment is very rare because the phobia is not perceived as a disease, there are also treatment methods for phobias. Phobia treatments are done with treatment as well as psychotherapy. These two methods of treatment are prescribed simultaneously for the drug is sufficient on its own. Antidepressant drugs are used for drug therapy. Perhaps one of the methods used in the treatment of phobia is facing his fear. In this treatment method, he is expected to see how he experiences other anxiety on top of the situations that cause fear or become phobia and how to cope with this anxiety.
Most Interesting Phobias
Hippopotomonstrosesquippedaliophobia: Long phobia is the word; length means fear of long words, as opposed to length.
Xanthophobia: Some colors may involuntarily make people uneasy and this is a state of uneasiness towards the yellow color. This phobia can cause psychological or even hormonal discomfort.
Obesophobia: This phobia is defined as people being too afraid of getting fat.
Pogonophobia: Fear of beards or bearded people. This phobia may indicate something bad with bearded people in childhood.
Halitophobia: This phobia exhibited in people with obsessive compulsive deficiency is defined as bad breath phobia.
Globophobia: The fear of balloons, especially the bursting of balloons. When these people enter an environment with balloons, they experience great anxiety.
Anatidaephobia: The person with this phobia may feel scared thinking they are being watched by a duck. This phobia is found in people who were attacked or chased by a duck during childhood.
Gametophobia: People’s fear of getting married. People with this phobia are usually those who do not like a focus and have troubles in their lives.
Gynophobia: Fear of clinical women in the mother, sister, teacher or anyone else who has a great influence on the person during childhood, and in those who are abused by these people.
Sexophobia: Fear of sexual activities or sexual organs. Bad memories experienced in the past, family education or religious pressures trigger this phobia in the person.
Arithmophobia: It is the fear of numbers in other mathematics found in mathematics-related numbers in childhood or adolescence.
Nomophobia: Used to fear the lack of phones, which is very common today. Except for people who have phones with this phobia, when he goes outside, he can be anxious, nervous and fearful.
Geletophobia: When a person is afraid of guiding laugh or being ridiculed. People with this phobia think about the laughter themselves transmitted in the environment. In situations where he feels fear that he internalizes this situation in other people and is warned against it.
Agirophobia: It is called the fear of the wife on a street. People with this phobia experience great fear, especially at pedestrian crossings.
Panphobia: It is the state of believing in the always present evil and being afraid of everything as a result. This situation is not mentioned as a phobia in the medical literature.
Ranidaphobia: Fear of frogs.
Triskaidekaphobia: This phobia comes to be afraid of the number 13. The number 13 is considered to be ominous in our Western culture, but this is not common in our culture.
Tafophobia: Fear of graves and fear of being buried alive. People with this phobia are thought to be and have this fear of being buried.
Technophobia: Fear of advanced technology. Recently, great innovations in technology and the development of artificial intelligence cause an increase in the level of anxiety and tension that carry this phobia. The advancement and deterioration of artificial intelligence are among these biggest fears.
Venusraphobia: This phobia is known as fear of beautiful women. This phobia can be caused by insecurity. In people with this phobia, what they find beautiful can be seen even when looking.
Tetraphobia: It means to be afraid of the number four. This phobia is so common in East Asian countries that some elevators do not have the number four.
Roller Coaster Phobia: It is a phobia to watch from height, hiss, pressure and high speed. When people with this phobia got on the Roller Coaster, they hissed insecure and helpless.
Androphobia: It is a phobia related to the person as a fear of men, which can occur as a result of maltreatment of children or young people from important male figures such as fathers, brothers or teachers, or bad memories they have with these people.
Chronophobia: Fear of the concept of time or the passage of time.
Koumpounophobia: This phobia, which causes other great difficulties in dressing, comes to fear from advertising clothes.
Kimophobia: It is the fear of the waves, regardless of whether people are big or small.
Apiphobia: The representation in humans is the fear of bees. Bee sting on himself or on a nearby site during childhood can trigger this phobia in the person.
Asymmetryophobia: This common phobia is the fear of non-symmetrical objects.
Athelophobia: It is the fear of not being perfect.
Arakibutyrophobia: It is one of the most interesting phobias seen. It is the fear of peanut butter sticking to the palate while eating peanut butter.
Maniophobia: The person can learn the possibility of solving possible psychological problems or problems that continue to be experienced.
Paraskavedekatriaphobia: It means to be afraid of the days that fall on the 13th of the month and Friday.
Peladophobia: It is a state of fear of people who are affected by baldness in young age or fear of becoming bald.
Fobofmekten: These people get new fears, they are afraid and avoid acquiring new information that will frighten them.
Pentheraphobia: Married people’s fear of affecting their mother-in-law’s lives.
Politicophobia: It is a state of fear of politicians.
Takophobia: Fear of high speed.
Transphobia: Generally, phobia in homophobic people is the fear of transgender people.
Trypanophobia: Especially in children, this phobia is the fear of needles or vaccines.
Gefirophobia: Fear of bridges comes, and people with this phobia are afraid of crossing bridges.
Helicophobia: Fear of the sun, sunlight or bright lights, this phobia can cause problems in daily life.
Hypnophobia: This phobia is the fear of sleep in people who usually experience unstable life or external nightmares.
Filemaphobia: The tension of kissing or kissing someone.
Eisoptrophobia: It is defined as the fear of seeing oneself or someone else’s reflection in the mirror.
Ablutophobia: is the fear of bathing in young children.
Pediophobia: It is the fear of dolls. It can be seen that he is also afraid of robots or mannequins with this phobia.
Claustrophobia: This fear, which is actually encountered today, is the fear of being in closed and flattened places.
Haptophobia: Fear of the feeling of touch. Touching causes a burning sensation in these people.
Xylophobia: It is the fear of many objects in the forests, even wood.
Cherophobia: It is the person’s being happy, even exhibiting positive behavior or feeling positive emotions.
Tripophobia: This phobia can be counted among the phobias that can be followed today. Fear of holes or being disturbed by objects with holes.