What Causes a Burning Throat? How Should It Be Treated?

Sore throat, which makes swallowing and eating difficult, can cause anxiety, especially in recent times. Although it is more common in winter with the cooling of the air, it is possible to experience throat burning regardless of the season. Before experiencing anxiety, it is necessary to find the cause and find a solution accordingly. So, What Causes a Burning Throat? How Should It Be Treated?

What causes a burning throat?

Throat burning is not a disease, but a symptom that develops due to the disease. For this reason, finding the disease that causes throat burning is important to manage the treatment process. Some of the diseases that cause sore throat; pharyngitis, tonsillitis, GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease) and allergic rhinitis. The important point here is to make a correct diagnosis under the control of a physician and to apply a treatment accordingly. The presence of symptoms accompanying burning throat can be evaluated to make a diagnosis.

  • Pharyngitis
  • Tonsillitis
  • GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease)
  • Allergic Rhinitis
What Causes a Burning Throat? How Should It Be Treated?

Diseases causing burning throat


Pharyngitis is the inflammation of the pharynx area at the back of the throat. The incidence of pharyngitis increases especially in winter. The reason for this is that the immune system weakens in cold weather and becomes more susceptible to infection. Microbial agents such as viruses and bacteria, professions that require a lot of talk such as teaching, smoking, hay fever, allergies, not enough fluid intake, reflux, consumption of extremely cold or hot foods, intense spice use are among the factors that cause

Pharyngitis can be seen in 2 forms, acute and chronic (chronic). Symptoms in chronic pharyngitis are milder than in acute pharyngitis.

What Causes a Burning Throat? How Should It Be Treated?

Symptoms of Pharyngitis Disease

  • Burning and pain in the throat,
  • Fire,
  • weakness,
  • Runny nose
  • Difficulty swallowing and pain during swallowing,
  • Stuck sensation in the throat,

Cough. It can be decided whether pharyngitis is acute or chronic, after questioning factors such as the person’s working conditions and occupation, the amount of fluid consumed daily, and the environment he is in, and a physical examination is performed. If acute pharyngitis is of bacterial origin, medical solutions such as antibiotics, analgesics (pain relievers) and nasal spray reduce the symptoms of the person and improve them. Since the use of antibiotics will be unnecessary if it is viral, symptom-relieving drugs are prescribed and the person is recommended to consume plenty of fluids. In chronic pharyngitis, the factor that causes pharyngitis (dust, cigarette, alcohol, chemicals, etc.) should be removed from the environment where the person is.


Tonsillitis is an inflammation of the tonsils at the back of the throat. Pharyngitis and tonsillitis can be seen at the same time, but it is possible to be seen separately. The tonsils that produce white blood cells for the body to fight off pathogenic microorganisms are the body’s first line of defense and can become inflamed when exposed to an infectious agent. Tonsillitis is mostly caused by viruses, but can also occur due to bacterial causes. It is generally seen in children, but it is also common in adults and adolescents.

It can be grouped in 3 different ways as acute, recurrent or chronic. Symptoms are similar in all 3 groups and are as follows;

What Causes a Burning Throat? How Should It Be Treated?

Symptoms of TONSILLITIS Disease

  • Swollen and red tonsils
  • Yellow or white membrane-like inflamed areas on the tonsils,
  • Difficulty in swallowing,
  • Pain and pain when swallowing,
  • Throat ache,
  • Burning throat
  • High fever,
  • Cough
  • Weakness and fatigue,
  • Headache,
  • Palpable, enlarged, tender and painful lymph nodes under the neck or chin,
  • Earache,
  • Hoarseness of voice,
  • Bad breath and bad breath,
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Postnasal drip.

If the cause of tonsillitis is viral agents, the disease can be easily overcome by resting at home. During resting at home, plenty of fluid intake, protein-rich nutrition and bed rest accelerate the healing process. If the disease has a bacterial cause, antibiotic treatment can be applied in addition to resting at home.


Reflux is a condition characterized by the leakage of gastric fluid consisting of acid and mucus up the esophagus as a result of a decrease in the lower esophageal (esophageal) sphincter pressure. Reflux can be seen in healthy individuals, but if reflux is frequent enough to damage the esophagus and throat, it is considered a disease. Obesity, pregnancy, standing in an inclined position, consumption of excessively spicy or bitter foods are among the factors that cause reflux.

Since the gastric fluid is acidic, symptoms such as burning of the esophagus and throat occur as a result of continuous contact with the esophagus and throat.

What Causes a Burning Throat? How Should It Be Treated?

The symptoms of reflux disease are as follows

  • Stomach contents coming into the mouth,
  • Burning sensation in the upper abdomen and throat,
  • Difficulty in swallowing,
  • Painful swallowing,
  • Chronic pharyngitis as a result of throat irritation,
  • The need for constant burping,
  • Dry cough
  • Hoarseness of voice,
  • Bad breath and bad breath,
  • Tooth decay.

Symptoms get worse after consuming too fatty or caffeine, alcohol-containing foods and chocolate. Using antacid tablets and proton pump inhibitors for the treatment of reflux disease, the acidity of the gastric fluid can be reduced and damage to the esophagus and throat can be prevented. In addition to medication, lifestyle changes are also very important for reducing the symptoms of reflux disease. Not eating or drinking 3-4 hours before going to sleep; avoiding consumption of alcoholic, caffeinated, fatty foods and chocolate; reducing fluid intake with meals; Trying citrus fruits, tomatoes, raw vegetables and fruits to look for discomfort and consume them accordingly; not using too tight corsets and belts; raising the headboard by 15-20 cm; Getting rid of excess weight and reducing smoking will improve the symptoms of reflux disease.


The arrival of the spring months, the blooming of the flowers and the green all over are pleasing for people, but it can be a very challenging period for some. The increase in pollen in the spring period can cause the awakening of flowers and nature, as well as awakening of allergic rhinitis. Allergy is an overreaction to a non-pathogenic substance and is also called atopy. It occurs as a result of the wrong answer of the immune system. Rhinitis is inflammation, edema or inflammation of the mucosa covering the inside of the nose. It can develop as a result of bacterial or allergy and its occurrence as a result of allergy is called allergic rhinitis.

What Causes a Burning Throat? How Should It Be Treated?

The following symptoms are seen in allergic rhinitis

  • Burning throat
  • Pain and itching sensation in the throat,
  • Hoarseness of voice,
  • Itching and redness in the eyes,
  • Watery discharge in the eyes,
  • nasal congestion,
  • Runny nose
  • Change in taste,
  • Frequent waking up from sleep,
  • Snoring
  • Dry throat. You may feel drowsy during the day, as symptoms cause poor sleep quality.

Treatment in allergic rhinitis is not standard, it is determined by the patient’s symptoms. If the patient has nasal congestion and discharge, nasal sprays containing saline can be used to wash the inner surface of the nose. Cortisone nasal sprays reduce the inflammation in the nose and pill treatment can be applied to relieve congestion. Antihistamine treatment can be applied to reduce allergy symptoms in patients.

What is good for throat burning?

As mentioned, throat can occur as a symptom of different diseases. It is preferred to make an application according to the disease in order to reduce the burning of the throat.

If it occurred as a result of throat burning, pharyngitis or tonsillitis;

  • Gargle with its interface by adding 1 teaspoon of table salt to 1 cup of boiled and warmed water,
  • Very hot foods cause irritation, and consuming food and beverages warm or cold for pleasure,
  • Humidifying the air as dry air will cause irritation in the throat, Drinking herbal teas such as chamomile, lemon balm, and lime,
  • Avoiding very hot and spicy foods will help reduce your throat.

To reduce reflux if throat burning or reflux disease occurred;

  • Trying raw vegetables and fruits and testing them for disturbance,
  • Avoid caffeinated, alcoholic, fatty foods and chocolate,
  • Not eating or drinking anything open for 3-4 hours without going to sleep,
  • Bed head 15-20 cm. remove,
  • Avoid using tight belts and corsets,
  • losing excess weight,
  • Methods such as eating rich in protein can be used.

If throat burning, allergic rhinitis occurred;

  • Finding the causing substance by having an allergy test and staying away from the causing substance as much as possible will alleviate the symptoms. If you are experiencing throat burning, it would be the healthiest decision to consult a doctor to find the disease that caused it.

One thought on “What Causes a Burning Throat? How Should It Be Treated?

  • August 29, 2020 at 7:24 pm

    Just wanna tell that this is invaluable, Thanks for taking your time to write this.


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