Forgetfulness Symptoms and Causes

Stress and lifestyle negatively affect people’s lives. This lifestyle mostly causes various illnesses. Inactive, asocial life and intense work stress can cause psychological and neurological problems. “What causes forgetfulness?” and “How is forgetfulness treated?” are the most popular questions of recent times. Because forgetfulness negatively affects people’s work and daily life and psychologically leads people to think negatively. Entering into such a vicious circle further increases forgetfulness and eventually leads to forgetfulness. The reasons for forgetfulness can be very different. However, it is a situation that should be taken seriously and treated as soon as possible.

There are precautions that individuals can take individually, but first a diagnosis should be made. The diagnosis of forgetfulness is usually made by neurology and psychology specialists by applying some tests. Considering the causes of the disease, treatment is applied and the disease is tried to be prevented. So what is forgetfulness, what symptoms does it have and why does it occur? We’ll cover all of them in this post.

What is Forgetfulness?

Although there is a belief among people that forgetfulness is seen only in the elderly, this is not a correct opinion. For different reasons, forgetfulness can be seen in people of all ages. Young people, as well as the elderly, can suffer from forgetfulness. In some cases, forgetfulness can be seen as normal and can be attributed to daily causes, but forgetfulness occurs as a result of vitamin deficiencies or hormone deficiencies.
Alzheimer’s and dementia, which are neuropsychiatric diseases, may also occur at later ages. The most common symptoms of these illnesses include forgetfulness and severe depression. Dementia and Alzheimer’s patients are very difficult to survive. For this reason, people around them and their families should take care to make life easier for these patients.
In order to understand forgetfulness, it is necessary to understand the concept of memory. Human memory is divided into short-term memory and long-term memory. In the short-term memory, 6 to 9 pieces of information are processed at most. This information remains here for a very short time and will be forgotten if it is not stored in long term memory with any coding. If the information in short-term memory cannot be taken into long-term memory even though it is encoded and repetitive, this indicates forgetfulness. In addition, if it is not possible to restore the information recorded in long-term memory, this indicates forgetfulness. Forgetfulness occurs due to both memory problems.

Forgetfulness Symptoms and Causes

Symptoms of Forgetfulness?

Since forgetfulness can occur for different reasons, it is normal for patients to have different symptoms. The same symptoms cannot be expected in every patient. Some patients forget what they have recently eaten and drank, while another group of patients may forget what they should do. However, it is possible to forget where an object was previously placed. But the most common symptoms are:

Forgetting routine activities and work in daily life
Forgetting a previously watched movie, a read book, thoughts or a conversation with someone else.
Forgetting and delaying the work to be done in business life
Forgetting or having difficulty finding an address that has been visited and visited many times before.
Indecision or difficulty making decisions even with simple choices.
Loss of interest in things that are normally interesting.
Intense depression.
Anxiety or irritability.

Although these are the most common symptoms, symptoms of amnesia can be increased. Forgetting special days, losing possessions, forgetting the names of family members or people in the immediate vicinity, forgetting words while speaking, etc. More symptoms such as. Since the disease can progress differently in each individual, the symptoms are so high.

Causes of Forgetfulness?

The causes of forgetfulness are handled in two different ways in relation to memory. These are distinguished as those related to short-term memory and those related to long-term memory.

Short Term Memory

The capacity of short-term memory is very limited and the period of forgetting the information here is also very limited. Therefore, forgetting information in short-term memory can occur for many reasons. Coding and attention are required in order for any information in this memory to be learned or kept in mind. Anything that makes it difficult to focus on the information desired to be learned at that moment causes forgetfulness. This is called short-term memory interference. In such cases, the information in the short-term memory gets corrupted and forgotten. While the things other than the information to be learned at that moment are learned, the actual information to be learned is forgotten. This situation is called scientific replacement. Also, people do not want to learn every information for different reasons. Such situations are called motivated forgetting. All these situations of forgetfulness cause the inability to store information and the disease of forgetfulness occurs.

Long Term Memory

Long-term memory has almost unlimited capacity and all the learned information is contained here. In order for a person to use the information he needs, this information must be brought from long-term memory. However, due to various reasons, information cannot be obtained from here. This situation causes forgetfulness and disease of forgetfulness in the future. Again traumas or diseases etc. Information in long-term memory may be corrupted due to situations such as. For this reason, information is forgotten and experiencing this situation constantly causes forgetfulness. In addition, thyroid hormone disorders, anxiety disorders, severe depression, diseases affecting the nervous system, folic acid deficiencies, vitamin and mineral deficiency, traumas that may affect memory, any tumor in the brain can also cause forgetfulness.

How to Diagnose Forgetfulness Disease?

The occurrence of forgetfulness can be due to physical or psychological reasons. Working under intense stress or being exposed to situations that require a lot of attention can cause forgetfulness. Also, some serious illnesses cause forgetfulness. Those who suffer from forgetfulness due to these reasons should be examined in psychology and neurology departments. However, the first place to be consulted is a neurology doctor. This process should not be prolonged, as forgetfulness affects the quality of life a lot. In general, a number of questions prepared by experts are asked to the patient to measure the diagnosis and the level of forgetfulness. These questions concern the patient’s own life and daily life. Questions such as whether the name of a well-known person is forgotten, whether the activities performed the day before are remembered, whether there are memory problems, whether the days of the week are forgotten, whether an object is forgotten when searching for an object, whether the key is forgotten on the door or at home is asked to the patient for diagnosis. If the yes answer to the questions asked is high, then forgetfulness is mentioned. With such tests, the disease is diagnosed and treatment is applied accordingly.

Forgetfulness Test

Forgetfulness Test

This test can help you understand where you are on the forgetfulness scale. Give yourself 1 point for every “Yes” answer you give.

Are you having memory problems?
Having difficulty concentrating on a task and often confused?
Do you ever forget the name of someone you know well?
Are there often moments when you remember some details about the past and forget what you did yesterday?
Do you forget what day of the week it is?
Do you ever forget what you were looking for after you decide to look for something?
Do family members or friends say that you are becoming more forgetful than before?
Can’t you remember the numbers you would use for anything without writing them down?
Do you feel that you are having difficulty learning things anymore?
Do you often forget your key?
Do you sometimes forget the original of something you are trying to do?
Do you repeat something you say constantly?
Do you often feel mental fatigue?
Do you feel that you cannot concentrate on a task for more than 1 hour?
Forgetfulness Test


1-5: You don’t have any major memory problems, but you can still use natural supplements and enhancers to sharpen your memory further.

6-10: Your memory definitely needs a booster, your brain is in trouble. To get rid of forgetfulness, you should apply some exercises and stay away from stress.

11-14: You are experiencing significant memory decline and you have to do something about it. You should see a specialist and investigate the cause of this memory decline. Perhaps you are suffering from an imbalance in stress hormones.

Forgetfulness Disease Treatment Methods?

For the treatment of forgetfulness, some medications can be used under doctor control. These drugs are definitely taken with the doctor’s recommendation. If forgetfulness is caused by vitamin deficiency, the doctor asks to use vitamin drugs.
If forgetfulness occurs due to psychological reasons, psychiatric drugs are recommended by the doctor.
In forgetfulness diseases that occur due to neurological reasons, the neurologist may request the use of some medications.
Apart from this, no individual drug should be used. Because a wrong medication can worsen the patient’s condition.

Forgetfulness Treatment With Natural Methods

People may also need to change their lifestyles to eliminate or reduce forgetfulness. Try to memorize the phone numbers of your family and relatives. Patients who do not read books acquire the habit of reading books, solving puzzles, dealing with puzzles, using routes other than routine ways to work or home, noting activities to be done, trying to learn a foreign language, trying to be a more social person, participating in trainings that can realize new learning, and Avoiding unnecessary things to prevent fatigue are individual treatment methods. In addition, patients should not worry about their forgetfulness. Because constantly thinking about this situation can cause forgetfulness to progress. Adequate sleep is required for the mind to rest. For this reason, those with forgetfulness should take care to get enough sleep. In this way, patients can reduce their own forgetfulness and prevent the emergence of the disease.

If you think that you are a forgetful person or if you show symptoms of forgetfulness, you can be examined by making an appointment as soon as possible. Thus, you can prevent forgetfulness and lead a healthier life.

Foods and Supplements That Improve Memory

Research on forgetfulness is increasing day by day. Forgetfulness is quite an annoying problem, you should take some precautions. If you think you are really forgetful, you should definitely see an expert.


About 60% of your brain is made up of fat, and half of these fats are omega-3 derivatives.

Fish, especially fatty fish, are a rich source of omega-3s, an important building block of the brain. Omega-3s play a role in boosting memory and improving mood and protecting your brain from decline. (1),(2),(3),(4)


Broccoli contains a number of compounds that have powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, including vitamin K. Several studies in older adults have linked high vitamin K intake with better memory.(5),(6)


Walnuts are one of the best food sources for brain health. The polyphenolic compounds found in walnuts not only reduce the oxidant and inflammatory load on brain cells but also improve interneuronal signaling, increase neurogenesis, and increase sequestration of insoluble toxic protein aggregates. Walnuts contain nutrients that can help you protect your brain from inflammation and support good brain function as you age. (7)


Alpha-GPC is a natural choline compound found in the brain. It is a chemical released when a fatty acid found in red meat, dairy products, wheat germ, Soybean and other plants breaks down.

Alpha-Gpc is a prescription drug used in Europe for the treatment of Alzhemir disease. Alpha-GPC increases a chemical in the brain called acetylcholine. This chemical substance is very important for memory and learning functions. With the use of Alpha GPC, it has been observed that memory strengthening, improvement and learning ability increase.(8)


Citicoline is a brain chemical that occurs naturally in the body. It is used in Europe and Japan for stroke, memory loss, alzheimer’s, head trauma and other neurological disorders. It increases the production of neurotransmitters and cellular building blocks. It increases acetylcholine as well as norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain. It can increase brain blood flow and stimulate mitochondria to produce more energy. Adequate levels of CDP-choline maintain phosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin, which form the protective nerve layer called myelin. Citicoline also inhibits the inflammatory enzyme phospholipase A2 and increases the master antioxidant glutathione. In particular, citicoline plays a role in alleviating the effects of memory loss. Citicoline also helps people develop their learning abilities and increase their attention. Studies on citicoline report improved cognitive results. (9)

Bacopa Monnieri

Bacopa monnieri is a perennial, non-aromatic plant native to wetlands in Europe, Asia, Australia, Africa, and South and North America.

Bacopa is a herb used in traditional Indian medicine. It is widely used for Alzheimer’s disease. There is limited scientific research supporting that it improves memory, anxiety, and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Bacopa can increase some of the brain chemicals involved in thinking, learning, and memory. Some research suggests it may also protect brain cells from chemicals involved in Alzheimer’s disease. (10)


Vinpocetine is a vincamine enriched supplement derived from the seeds of the periwinkle plant.

The periwinkle leaves and seeds contain a good amount of vincamine, an alkaloid associated with enhanced memory and increased cognitive functions. It helps to increase blood circulation in the brain, increases mental efficiency, helps brain metabolism, improves thinking ability by preventing the aging of brain cells and memory loss. The herb may also help prevent dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.

Vinpocetine, found in the little sea snail Vinca minor, is an excellent vasodilator and cerebral metabolic booster with proven benefits for vascular-based cognitive dysfunction. (11)

It is not safe to use uncontrolled, all parts of the plant contain toxin. Symptoms can include fever, nausea, vomiting, nerve damage, headache, and hallucinations.


The involvement of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in different central nervous system (CNS) diseases suggests that this neurotrophin may represent an interesting and reliable therapeutic target. Accordingly, the search for new compounds, also from natural sources, able to modulate BDNF has been increasingly explored. A review of nutrients and botanicals in the integrative management of cognitive dysfunction (12)


Caffeine is a food that directly affects the brain and has been observed to increase alertness.
Many studies have suggested that caffeine has many health benefits. It shows that a dose of caffeine can help boost long-term memory.
In a study, caffeine has been reported to improve memory performance during non-optimal times of the day in young adults. (13)


It is a type of water-soluble vitamin. Vitamin B12 deficiency has been associated with memory loss, especially in older people. It is usually found in animal foods. One of the reasons for your fatigue may be B12 deficiency.

The vitamin may play a role in preventing brain atrophy, which is the loss of neurons in the brain and is often associated with memory loss or dementia.

B-12 appears to be able to slow cognitive decline in people with early Alzheimer’s when taken with omega-3 fatty acids.

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