What is fish oil: Fish oil is usually derived from the tissues of fatty fish such as herring, tuna, anchovies and mackerel, but also contains large amounts of omega 3 fatty acids, vitamin D and DHA. It is an animal fat that can be used as a food supplement in children and adults. Fish oil can sometimes be obtained from tissues taken from the liver of fish. The quality of fish oil can vary depending on the fish type. It is also known as a food source of omega 3 fatty acids. Fish oil is among the substances needed by the body in order to perform many functions in the body. However, since it cannot be produced in the body, it is useful to take it as a supplement from outside. In addition to not being produced in the body, it is not possible to be stored in the body. For this reason, regular use of fish oil is recommended by experts. Fish oil supplements are usually available in liquid, capsule, or tablet forms. Fish oil supplements contain some additional ingredients to prevent spoilage in the process up to use. One of these substances is vitamin E.
Fish oil can also be used in various combinations, in other words by adding different supplements to it, for the purposes of accelerating absorption and increasing its effects on the body. Examples of these supplements are calcium, iron, vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin C or vitamin D. In human metabolism, when various vitamins are taken as supplements; As it undergoes metabolism, its absorption decreases and the percentage of the body to benefit from these vitamins and the duration of use are indirectly reduced. In addition to the vitamins used as these nutritional supplements, a person should definitely take a fish oil to see the full effect.
What is Omega 3?
Omega 3 fatty acids are among the essential oils in polyunsaturated structure that should be taken into the body. These are also called vitamin F. The most important types of omega 3 fatty acids are GLA (gamma linolenic acid), ALA (alpha linolenic acid), DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid). Types of omega 3 fatty acids found in fish oil are docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). ALA (alpha-linolenic acid) is mostly found in plant-derived foods such as nuts or seeds. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) are known as types of omega 3 fatty acids that can participate in the structure of brain tissue and retina.
Omega 3 Deficiency
In case of deficiency, some skin conditions such as dry skin on the human body, asthma, arthritis, regression in growth, sugar and some types of cancer or learning deficiency may be seen. Adding omega 3 to people’s diet; As a result of taking fish oil, which is known as a food source of omega 3 fatty acids, into the body as an external supplement, there is evidence that it has preventing effects such as cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, immunity, allergies and nervous disorders.
It is necessary to drink at least 1 gram of omega 3 fatty acids a day in order to protect against some diseases, namely to strengthen immunity against these diseases. In order to see the effect of omega 3 fatty acids at the maximum level, it is necessary to limit the use of omega 6 fatty acids while using omega 3. Examples of sources of omega 6 fatty acids are corn, sunflower, soybean and cotton oils.
What are the benefits of fish oil?
It can be said that fish oil has many positive effects on the human body due to its omega 3 fatty acids. These positive effects include various heart conditions, impaired cholesterol levels, depression, some anxiety disorders, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), especially in children, weakened immune system mostly due to environmental factors, different types of cancer, diabetes, inflammatory conditions. , arthritis, inflammatory bowel syndrome, AIDS, Alzheimer, some disorders in the eye, yellow spot disease related to the eye, dryness of the eye and stomach ulcer treatment.
In addition to these positive effects, it has been stated that it reduces the risk of miscarriage in pregnancy and ensures a healthy pregnancy. In addition to having a healthy pregnancy, it has been seen as a result of some studies that it increases fertility. Contrary to popular belief, fish oil, which is used in various skin conditions, does not cause acne formation on the skin, and it is used as a supplement in the treatment of diseases such as acne and psoriasis.
There is a general belief that fish oil can cause weight gain. However, fish oil does not cause weight gain, even people who want to lose weight are recommended to use fish oil as a supplement.
The high content of omega 3 fatty acids in fish oil also helps to reduce pain and swelling in an area.
- Cardiovascular Health: These high levels of fatty acids also play an important role in cardiovascular health as they prevent blood clotting. Heart rhythm disorders are also included in these heart conditions, and omega 3 in fish oil is often preferred for this ailment. Another effect of fish oil on the body is that it lowers LDL values, also known as bad cholesterol, and increases HDL values, known as good cholesterol, and lowers triglycerides. Fish oil can be used in addition to treatment of arteriosclerosis problem. In the sum of these effects, it has been determined that fish oil is effective in preventing heart attack and even reduces the possibility of sudden death as a result of a heart attack in its regular use. On the contrary, overuse of everything is harmful, and the use of fish oil more than necessary can cause a heart attack. In this case, it is necessary to pay attention to the usage dosage.
- Weight Loss: People often think that fish oil will gain weight because it is fat, but contrary to popular belief, it can be said that fish oil is widely used to lose weight, although it does not have any effect such as weight gain. Fish oil increases the effect of exercise, especially in people who exercise, and helps weight loss in this way. As a result of exercising in addition to the use of fish oil, a positive change can be observed in the shape and quality of the body.
- Strengthening the Immune System: It has been determined as a result of the studies that if fish oil supplements are taken regularly, the possibility of the common ailments such as flu and cold in various people decreases. These studies show that regular use of fish oil in humans strengthens the immune system. It is known that fish oil produces this effect as a result of the change in the cytokine and eicosanoid activities and amounts of the omega 3 fatty acid in the body. It is stated that fish oil is also beneficial in lupus, an autoimmune disease. It contributes to the reduction of some symptoms associated with lupus disease.
- Anti-Inflammation: The use of fish oil is effective in diseases related to chronic inflammation. As a result of regular use of fish oil, it has been found to be effective in conditions such as short bowel syndrome, intestinal diseases associated with inflammation (Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis), celiac disease and various digestive system related problems. Absorption of various nutritional supplements is difficult in people with Crohn’s disease, and in this case, fish oil is recommended.
Due to the effects of fish oil, which contains plenty of omega 3, especially on people with heart and vascular problems, the effects of strengthening the immune system, increasing the absorption of various vitamin supplements and increasing the benefit of the body from these vitamins, it is absolutely necessary to add a fish oil to the diet. . Contrary to popular belief, omega 3, which does not have a weight gain effect and is very useful in losing weight, is recommended by experts.